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Lektion 8 - Pronomen es und man

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Guten Tag ! Wie schaut es bei euch aus?

Heute unsere Thema ist Pronomen ES und MAN.

Pronomen ES:

  1. is very much identical to the English pronoun it and in German language it replaces nouns of the neuter gender. In other words, if a noun has article das than it's pronoun is the word  es:
    Das Baby ist krank. (The baby is ill.)
    Es (!!!) schreit die ganze Nacht. (It has been crying the whole night.)
  2. Es is very often used in the following expressions (like in English):
URZEIT (time)
Wie spät ist es? (What's the time?) -Es ist 5 Uhr. (- It's five o'clock.)
Tageszeiten, Jahreszeiten (time of a day, season of a year)
Es ist Nachmittag. (It is afternoon.)
Es ist Sommer. (It is summer.)
WETTER (weather)
Es ist kalt. (It is cold.)
Es regnet. (It is raining.)
-Wie geht es Ihnen? (How is it going?)
-Mir geht es nicht gut heute. (It is going not very well for me.)
ANDERE (others)
Was gibt es zum Abendessen? (What comes to the supper? (dinner))
Es ist verboten... (It is vorbidden ...)
Es ist wichtig... (It is important ...)

Pronomen MAN

  1. is used when the subject in the sentence is an unknown person. In English for this purpose they often use the word one (ie. One says we are good. (Man sagt wir sind gut.)):
    man is always used as the third person (ie. he):

    Man lebt nur einmal. - (One lives only ones.)

    Was macht man jetzt in der Türkei? - What is one doing now in Turkey?

    (Note: the verb leben is conjugated as in the 3rd person: er / sie / es)

  2. man is also very often used with a modal verbs:

    Hier kann man gut essen. - (Here one can have a good food.)

    Kann man hier rauchen? - (Can one smoke here?)

    Man muss mehr lernen. - (One needs to learn more.)

    Soll man es heute machen? - Should one do it today?
As you perhaps have already noticed, the pronoun es is used in very different situations and expressions and therefore we cannot leave it without our attention.

Auf Wiedersehen!