Free Online German Language Course from Inga Pavlova

Lektion 2

Note: when you tap or click an underlined word on this page, you should be able hear that word.

Guten Tag!

I would like to begin this lesson from greetings and major words in German language. These words will help us build German sentences.
Guten Morgen or just  Morgen - Good Morning (in Austria and Bavaria people use Grüß Gott - Greeting the God)
Hallo - Hello Hey - Hi
Guten Tag - Good Day
Gute Nacht - Good Night
Auf Wiedersehen - Good Bye (See you again)
Tschüss! - Bye!
Bis bald / See you soon Bis später - See you later
Danke sehr - Thank you very much.
Danke - Thank you.
Bitte - Please.
EntschuldigenEntschuldigung - Excuse me
 
A greeting is very often followed by the following expressions:
Wie geht es dir/Ihnen?  or  Wie schaut es bei dir/Ihnen aus? - How are your matters? (How are you?)
Danke, gut / prima / es geht - Thank you, good / very good / all right
Und dir / Ihnen ? - And you?
English word you can be translated to German with one of the two words: Sie or du. The word Sie is formal. The word Sie is always plural, exactly as English you. Technically, you can use Sie anywhere, but they do not usually use it when they talk to their children, close friends, close young people etc. The word Sie always starts with capital letter as a sign of respect to that person (not like the word sie = she or they).
The word du is informal and has to be used only informally. You should not use du when you talk to someone that you are not acquainted with, especially if they are older. du is also not usually used when you are talking to your parents. The word du is always singular.
If you are not sure which word to use, use Sie and you will never be wrong.
Now let us look at conjugation of major German verbs: haben and sein (to have and to be)
I - ich habe I have,  ich bin I am
you - du hast you have, du bist you are,
he - er hat he has,  er ist he is
she - sie hat she has,  sie ist she is,
it - es hat it has,  es istit is
we - wir haben we have, wir sind we are
you (here you means more than one person) - ihr habt you have, ihr seid you are
they - sie haben they have,  sie sind they are,
you (formal and only one person) - Sie haben, you have Sie sind you are
All German nouns always begin with capital letter and each noun is used with article. German nouns must always be learned together with the corresponding article!!!
Very much like English, German language has also definite and indefinite articles. These articles are used depending on the case and the gender of the noun that they apply to.

maskulinum (masculine) - der / ein
femeninum (feminine) - die / eine
neutrum (neuter) - das / ein
plural - die

Examples:
der Teller (the plate)
die Flise (the tile)
das Haus (the house)
die Kinder (the children)

Bis bald!