Online German Language Course from Inga Pavlova
Lesson 1 - German letters and sounds
Note: when you tap or click an underlined word on this page, you should be able hear that word.
There is no transcript in German Language and a lot of words are read as they are written.
It is very important to understand that in German all nouns begin with a capital letter.
Every German noun comes with article and it is very important that all nouns that you learn, you learn with the corresponding article.
Articles play a very important role in German Language.
So, let's get started!
German Language has the following vowels A [ʌ], O [ɔː], E [æ], U [uː], I [ɪ] , Y [sometimes you, sometimes ya].
- Ä та Ü (Umlaut is called when there are two dots above the vowel) - you should pronounce them slightly longer with a narrower mouth.
- schon - already
- schön - beautiful
- Zug - train
- Züge - trains
- Märchen - fairy tale
- W - makes sound V as in very
- was? - what
- wie - How
- warum - Why
- Z - makes sound ts as in mercedes-benZ
- Ziel - target
- Zeit - time
- S - makes sound S as in seven
- Haus - house
- das - this
Letter combinations with consonants:
- ch - makes sound kh as in Bach
- Loch - hole
- chs - makes sound kh as in Bach
- Fuchs - fox
- sch - makes sound sh as in shugar
- Schrank - cabinet
- sp, st - at the beginning of a word makes shp and sht
- spontan - spontaneous
- Stühl - stool
- tsch - makes ch as in chair
- Deutsch - German (language)
- Quatsch - nonsense
- ck - makes k - same as in English
- drücken - to press
- qu - makes ku as in English
Letter combinations with vowels:
- ei - makes i as in five or live
- ie - makes e as in lee
- Liebe - love
- eu - makes oy as in oyster
- heute - today
- euro - Euro
- äu - also makes oy as in oyster
- Häuser - houses (plural)
An exclamation mark is always on the first syllable, except:
- words of that have prefixes ( be-, ge-, er-, ver-, zer-, emp-, miss-)
- words of foreign origin - Computer, Kino.